Chick Pea Flour is higher in protein and fiber yet lower in both calories and carbohydrates than other gluten-free flours. The type of fiber found in chick peas is key to its health benefit. It comes from “resistant starch”. This means that the starch resists digestion while in the small intestine. As a result, unlike wheat flour, chickpea flour doesn’t raise your glycemic (blood sugar) levels.
One of the most popular uses for Chick Pea flour is in Socca, the famous crispy thin flat bread of France served hot by street vendors at open-air markets. According to MFK Fisher, the French still associate Chick Peas with Mary Magdalene due to a legend that Mary’s cohorts Les Saintes Maries were saved from starvation as they fled to Provence from Jerusalem by a bottomless pot of Pois Chiches or Chick Peas.
To make Socca at home you will need:
1 cup chickpea flour
1 1/4 cups water
1/8 teaspoon ground cumin
1 teaspoon salt
1 1/2 tablespoons olive oil
Grapeseed or avocado oil
Extra-virgin olive oil and sea salt, to finish
1. Mix the chickpea flour, water, cumin, and salt until smooth. Whisk in the olive oil. Let sit for 2 hours at room temperature or overnight in the refrigerator. (If refrigerating, allow to come to room temperature for 2 hours before cooking.)
2. Preheat the broiler to high. In a cast-iron pan on top of the stove, heat a small layer of oil until smoking. Add the socca batter until a thin pancake forms. Cook until the edges just begin to brown. Place the pan under the broiler and broil until the batter begins to color and blister.
3. Flip the socca onto a cutting board, sprinkle with sea salt, and drizzle with olive oil. Repeat with the remaining batter. Serve with toppings of your choice such as tzatziki, or hummus.